Remodeling your home’s color scheme takes planning. Often, the rooms that have colors that look simple and elegant required the most advanced planning to achieve that look. Fortunately, the basics of design color theory doesn’t take that long to grasp.
In this post, you’ll learn five key color theory principles. Among them, you’ll discover how to use tools like the color wheel to help you decide on your color palette. You’ll additionally learn how to adjust the tint or shade of a color to help it match your vision. Finally, you’ll gain an understanding of the ratios of colors you should use to give your room visual symmetry.
1. Remove All the Guesswork
If you really want to understand the interplay of colors, Fresh Home suggests that you start at the beginning. That is to say that you should consult the color wheel before you start picking out paint colors.
The color wheel allows you to see which colors are primary, analogous, complementary, and more. Once you have some idea of how the different colors look together, you stand in a better position to choose colors that will work well together in your home.
2. Employ the 60-30-10 Rule
HGTV reminds home decorators that too many colors in a decorative palette make a room look busy. People who want to avoid that should opt for the 60-30-10 rule.
Basically, what you want to do is decorate 60% of your home in your dominant color of choice. Then, devote 30% of your color palette to the secondary color and finally, 10% to the accent color.
3. Shades and Hues
It’s important to note that you’re not limited to a color in all its intense glory. Adding neutrals like white or black to a paint color creates variations on that color, which gives you a bit more to work with.
Colors with white mixed in are called tints: Red becomes pink, for example. Tones are colors to which gray has been added. Shades are colors to which black has been added.
Before you start painting, experiment with how each of your colors would look as a tint or a shade (if you’re wishing to alter the colors slightly). Once you settle on a mix, then you can try a small patch on the wall or other surface to see how it looks.
4. Working With Monochromatic Colors
Some modern styles feature very clean lines and minimal color schemes. Often, these color schemes range from colors within the same color family, like various shades of blue. Or they are more neutral shades, like black and white. (Black and white are just different shades of gray on the spectrum.)
It’s important to know what end result you hope to achieve. If you want a soothing atmosphere, choose colors within the same color range, meaning that they stand side-by-side on the color wheel (oranges and yellows, for example).
If dramatic is your goal, choose monochromatic colors like black and white, which stand at the opposite end of the spectrum from each other. The more visual contrast you can create between the colors, the more visual drama will achieve.
5. Warm and Cool Color Contrast
Combining warm and cool colors also makes a room look striking. The advantage of a room like this is that you’ll have some visual drama, but it won’t be nearly as stark as a black and white color combination.
Some warm/ cool color combinations that look good together are blue and brown or pink and mint green.
Final Words on Color Theory
Color has a dramatic effect on your decorating scheme. As such, many home decorators really agonize to get it right. They make their decorating tasks easier by starting with the color wheel. This helps them determine which kinds of color combinations they want in their homes.
Next, they can play around with color variations like tints and shades or by choosing color combinations that emphasize the interplay between warm and cool colors. Many of these color combinations, like black and white can be very dramatic, while others, which feature colors that stand side-by-side on the color wheel, are intended to be more soothing.
Finally, getting the right ratio of color in a room will make it look balanced. By employing the 60-30-10 rule in any room, you’re almost guaranteed to have a beautiful room that won’t ever look busy.